Notable Representations, Key Contacts
This evolution is especially significant in the media and entertainment industries, driving legal disputes that are redefining the boundaries of antitrust, copyright, trademark, misappropriation, false advertising/Lanham Act, First Amendment, and commercial litigation issues. These developments affect all types of media companies – established and new – as well as numerous other content providers and hosts serving global businesses and consumers.
Against that backdrop, our IP/Media practice has developed an industry-wide reputation and record of success in a number of cutting-edge areas:
- Defense of Cutting-Edge Secondary Liability, Vicarious Liability, and Contributory Liability Claims. These claims collectively represent an increasingly deployed legal tool whereby intellectual property owners are attempting to impose liability on other parties that have indirect involvement in transactions involving claimed counterfeit or infringing content (e.g., web-based e-commerce platforms that allow users to sell products to other users). Our attorneys are uniquely experienced in handling these cutting-edge issues.
- Disputes between Content Distributors and Content Providers. As traditional media distribution platforms such as cable and broadcast television adapt to increased competition from web-based and other digital distribution platforms, as well as to new high-definition content, there has been an avalanche of litigation between content providers (like television networks) and content distributors (like cable and broadband providers) relating to the rights to distribute this content. Our practice has long been at the forefront of such disputes.
- Copyright Music Licensing Disputes. Weil has built the nation’s preeminent music copyright practice, which includes such clients as Pandora Media, Sirius XM Radio Inc., ABC, NBC, CBS, DMX, Inc., the local broadcast radio industry, the local broadcast television industry, dozens of cable networks, and a host of Internet-based music users. We have put an indelible stamp on music IP law that has defined – and is still shaping – the digital era through a series of precedent-setting licensing litigations and other proceedings involving the application of established legal doctrines to novel environments, whether they be television and radio broadcasts or wireless transmissions.
Weil regularly counsels leading companies and organizations around the world on a wide variety of IP issues ranging from IP enforcement and brand protection to cutting-edge contributory liability issues to advertising and privacy/data protection issues – including in the transactional context.
Weil was retained by Alibaba Group, a China-based provider of e-commerce websites, to defend it and several of its affiliates in a major trademark infringement lawsuit commenced by a group of luxury brand owners, including Gucci, Bottega Veneta, and Yves Saint Laurent, in the Southern District of New York. Plaintiffs allege, among other things, that Alibaba and its affiliates make it possible for “an army of counterfeiters” to sell counterfeit versions of plaintiffs’ brand-name products on Alibaba’s platforms, including to purchasers in the United States. They assert claims for trademark infringement, trademark counterfeiting, contributory trademark infringement and counterfeiting, false representation, trademark dilution, and violations of the RICO statute as well as various claims under New York law. We are defending against all of those claims, which Alibaba believes to be meritless. In August 2016 the district court granted Alibaba’s motion to dismiss the RICO claims in the S.D.N.Y. action on the ground that the plaintiffs had failed to allege a RICO enterprise. The parties are engaged in discovery relating to the remaining claims.
Weil has also been retained by Alibaba to represent it in connection with similar actions either brought or threatened by brand owners in a number of jurisdictions, including Arizona, Florida, and California. In a case brought by Atmos Nation, a brand owner of electronic vaporizers (S.D. Fla.), Weil successfully obtained a dismissal for lack of personal jurisdiction on behalf of the only Alibaba entity to be served to date (Alibaba.com, Inc.).
Weil serves as Facebook’s lead U.S. IP counsel, counseling Facebook and Instagram on all non-patent IP-related issues on a daily basis, including complex and cutting-edge copyright and trademark issues, product development, global DMCA notice-and-takedown issues, and music licensing issues. In addition, we help coordinate global IP advice for Facebook and craft their constantly-evolving trademark and copyright policies and notifications.
Weil secured a complete victory for HarperCollins in a copyright infringement action against e-book publisher Open Road Integrated Media relating to the e-book rights to Jean Craighead George’s 1972 children’s book, Julie and the Wolves. HarperCollins alleges that it had obtained the exclusive right to license third parties to publish e-book versions of the award-winning children’s novel, and that Open Road had violated HarperCollins’ rights in that work by publishing such an e-book without HarperCollins’ authorization. George had contracted with HarperCollins in 1971, granting the exclusive right to publish her novel “in book form”; the agreement also granted HarperCollins certain subsidiary rights to the novel, including the exclusive right to license third parties to use the work “in storage and retrieval and information systems, and/or whether through computer, computer-stored, mechanical, or other electronic means now known or hereafter invented.” Open Road contended that this language did not convey e-book rights to HarperCollins. Ruling on the parties’ motions for summary judgment, the court agreed with HarperCollins and held that the language of the contract was clear on its face, and that the 1971 contract granted to HarperCollins the exclusive right to license electronic publications, which Open Road had infringed in its unlicensed e-book publication of Julie of the Wolves. The court found that although the 1971 agreement did not expressly address e-book rights, which were yet to be developed, the clear language of the contract was sufficiently broad to encompass those rights, finding that the contract “encompassing as it does the forward-looking reference to technologies ... is sufficiently broad to draw within its ambit e-book publication.”
- Weil is representing Pandora in Phonorecords III, an upcoming CRB proceeding, adverse to the National Music Publishers Association (NMPA) and the Nashville Songwriters Association International (NSAI), which will determine royalty rates for the on-demand streaming of musical works for the years 2018-2022.
- We are also defending Pandora in connection with two copyright class actions filed in the S.D.N.Y. arising out of Pandora’s alleged unlicensed streaming of sound recordings created prior to February 15, 1972, as well as in connection with amicus submissions on this issue in various appellate courts around the country.
- In April 2015, Weil represented Pandora in CRB trial proceedings against SoundExchange that established rates for the use of recorded music by webcasters over a five-year period starting January 1, 2016. In December 2015, the CRB issued a favorable ruling that modestly increased current royalty rates – aligning closely with Pandora’s proposed rates – instead of awarding plaintiffs’ sought after fees that would have increased Pandora’s royalty rate by nearly 80% in the first year and escalated it even further thereafter, implicating billions of dollars in royalties. We are also representing Pandora in a D.C. Circuit appeal by the record industry as a result of this ruling.
Weil, on behalf of the local broadcast television industry, has, through path-breaking litigation, severed industry payments to PROs from the revenues earned by that industry, and has obtained novel alternative forms of license, through which broadcasters (and now myriad other users) can more closely align the fees paid for licensing musical works with their competitive market value. These alternative forms of license consist of a “per-program” license and an “adjustable fee” blanket license – both of which facilitate the direct licensing of individual musical works without the user incurring a double payment penalty.Weil is representing the Television Music License Committee, an industry trade association, in upcoming rate arbitrations with SESAC in October/November 2016 to determine license fees and terms for the local television industry for 2016-2019. These arbitrations are part of a class action settlement in which a series of rolling rate arbitrations will decide license fees and terms through 2035.
The multi-million dollar settlement, which was approved in February 2015, marked the culmination of an antitrust class action lawsuit brought by groups of Meredith, Scripps, and Hoak local television stations challenging SESAC’s licensing practices. The Television Music License Committee funded this lawsuit on behalf of a putative nationwide class of local television broadcasters. The plaintiffs alleged that SESAC wielded its monopoly power over the copyrighted works it licenses to extract supra-competitive fees, and denied television licensees any meaningful option to an all-or-nothing blanket license. The Weil team defeated two attempts by SESAC to dismiss this lawsuit, and, with the case set for jury trial, both parties entered into a settlement in October 2014. In its February 2015 order, the court praised the Weil team that represented the named plaintiffs and served as class counsel for purposes of the settlement. SESAC will be bound through 2035 by some of the core conduct restrictions that constrain ASCAP and BMI, the other two performing rights organizations. The settlement also provides monetary relief, with SESAC paying $58.5 million into a settlement fund. The settlement marks the first time in more than 50 years that an entity obtained licensing conduct relief through a private antitrust action against a Performing Rights Organization.
Ranked among the top 3 firms in Band 1 in New York for Media & Entertainment Litigation and known for “handling sophisticated matters in the digital and social media sectors” and offering “expertise in copyright and trademark disputes and First Amendment litigation.”
Clients stress that “in the area of music licensing law, they are without parallel” and they “set the standard” and offer “fantastic advice.”
This international powerhouse handles a significant amount of work in the overlap between IP and media…” and “maintains its position at the cutting edge of media issues” by acting “for an enviable list of top media clients.” Clients call us “true experts in the field,” and highlight our “practical, knowledgeable and well-staffed” practice.
Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP’s ‘excellent’ team in New York is particularly noted for its expertise regarding secondary liability of intermediaries in trademark infringements.”
Legal 500 US
Clients underline the “phenomenal” results achieved by Weil’s IP/Media practice in the copyright, trademark, and internet law spaces, and highlight our “very deep bench.”
Weil has long been recognized as a top-ranked Tier 1 firm for Intellectual Property, Copyright and a “Leading” firm for both Intellectual Property, Trademarks: Litigation and Media and Entertainment, with market commentators calling us “extremely responsive, cutting-edge and highly experienced” and noting our “strong trial expertise and experience in bet-the-company matters”
Legal 500 US